Ronda is an ancient city full of history, beauty and romanticism. The majestic new bridge over the Tagus has become a symbol of the province of Malaga that receives more than a million visitors a year. The charm of its streets, monuments, palaces and centuries of history since Roman times have captivated and amazed great figures such as Orson Welles and Ernest Hemingway.
Where is Ronda located
Ronda is located 102km from Malaga capital with a population of 33.877 inhabitants. The municipal term has a dimension of almost 398km square.
Denonym of the people of Ronda
The inhabitants are called “rondeño or rondeña“.
Origin of the name Ronda
The Celts called the city Arunda, the Phoenicians called it “Acinipo”, o “Arunda” after being conquered by the Greeks that led to “Runda”.
Monuments and places of interest in Ronda
- Puente nuevo: The “New Bridge”, over the Tagus river gorge and the Guadalevín river is the symbol of Ronda and the Province of Malaga. The bridge was built between 1751 and 1793. The first bridge was built in 1735 but in 1741 it collapsed due to architectural errors, where 50 people died. The bridge divides the historical and modern part of the city. It was the highest bridge until 1839.
The stone-built bridge has a central semicircular arch over a smaller one. The bridge is 98 meters high and 70 meters long. At the top of the arch there is a space that is the dependencies of the bridge that have been used throughout history as a prison, an inn, and currently an interpretation center about the city and the bridge. The bricks and stones used were extracted from the river gorge for that reason the bridge seems hidden in the cliff.
- Puente Viejo (Old Bridge): It was called “New Bridge” until the construction of the new bridge over the Tagus, then it began to be called “Old Bridge”. The origin of the original bridge is not exactly known if it was built by the Romans or by the Arabs. We know that it was destroyed by a flood and in 1616 the bridge was built as it is currently known. The bridge measures 10 meters in length and has a height of 31 meters.
- Arab Bridge: Also known as the Puente de las Curtidurías (Tanneries Bridge) or the Roman Bridge, even though it is of Arab origin. It is one of the first joints between the two parts. It is built with a single arch and stands at an altitude of 12 meters above the river. Its construction is no longer totally Islamic because it has undergone several repairs over the centuries due to the destruction caused by the rising of the river. Craftsmen who worked with textiles and leather settled in the area of the bridge, which is why it received the name of Puente de las Curtidurías, “Tanneries Bridge”.
- Palace Rey Moro
- Arab Thermal Baths: Located next to the old bridge, the arch of Felipe V and the hermitage of San Miguel. The thermal baths of Arab origin are the best preserved in the Iberian Peninsula. The complex follows the Roman structure, it contains rooms with cold, warm and hot baths. We emphasize that the hydraulic system such as the boilers, pipes and the ferris wheel are almost completely preserved.
- Plaza de Toros: Bull Ring
- Arch of Felipe V: After the first bridge collapsed in 1741, plans for the new entrance to the city failed. To improve the flow of people and goods, they decided to expand the old entrance and the Arab bridge by building this arch in 1742.
- Fuente de los Ocho Caños: The “Fountain of aight pipes” built during the reign of Felipe V in the 18th century. The fountain is useful on both sides, on one side it has eight pipes and on the other it is a trough for cattle.
- Church of Padre Jesús: Iglesia de Padre Jesús located in the Padre Jesús neighborhood. Due to its Gothic appearance it is believed that it was built between the 15th and 16th centuries. According to popular stories, it was the first church in the town, dedicated to the vocation of Santa Cecilia. When the New Bridge was built, the population went about its daily life in the flat area and the church was abandoned. Inside there is one of the most venerated images on Holy Thursday during Holy Week in Ronda: Padre Jesús Nazareno. The temple formed by a rectangular plant has three naves separated by semicircular arches.
- The minaret tower of San Sebastián: Located in Plaza Abul Beka. The minaret was part of an old mosque and was later used as a bell tower for the church of San Sebastián, which has also disappeared. The tower consists of three floors, the first two built in the 14th century, the last built after the reconquest. A minaret is used to call the faithful for prayer.
- Hermitage of San Miguel and Santa Cruz: Located next to the Arab baths and the old bridge (Also called the Bridge of San Miguel). A small hermitage where formerly the synagogue was located, which after the reconquest became a Christian chapel. The workers of the area of the Barrio de San Miguel who work in tanning the skins and leather worshiped in it their holy Santa Cruz.
- Templete Virgen de los Dolores: Located on Calle Virgen de los Dolores in the Mercadillo district. The pavilion is an open chapel with a rectangular shape. A small balcony presents the image of the Virgen de los Dolores. On each side of the niche we have the shields of the Catholic Monarchs and King Felipe V. We mark the columns carved with silhouettes that are hung from the neck with a rope. The pavilion was built in 1734 on a site of prayers in the 17th and 18th centuries before criminals were executed in a nearby square. These facts and the silhouettes with the rope gave this temple the nickname “El Templete de los Ahorcados” (Temple of the hanging).
- Andalusian Monument, Hercules and the two lions: Located in the Plaza del Socorro. Ronda was the place where the Andalusian feeling was born at the hands of Blas Infante in 1918. In that year, the insignia or elements of the Andalusian region were adopted: The green-and-white flag and the shield that contains Hercules accompanied by two lions next to two Greek columns. The monument was built in front of the Circulo de Artistas, which is where the Ronda Assembly was held in 1918.
- Palace of the Marquis of Salvatierra: Located in the historic center of the city next to the Padre Jesús neighborhood, this palace was built in the 17th-18th century. Of this building we highlight its Corinthian columns and the Baroque façade with a wrought iron balcony from Ronda. On the façade we can see some nude figures with an Indian influence.
- Church of Our Lady of Socorro
- Church of Our Lady of Peace: The church began as a hermitage from the 16th century. Formed by a single nave covered with a Mudejar framework that was added in a reform of the 18th century. In the front of the temple is located the Virgin of Peace, who is the patron saint of the city. We highlight the 16th century façade with a sgraffito plaster added in the 18th century that is currently restored and gleaming.
- Church and Convent of La Merced
- Church of Santa María la Mayor: The construction of the temple began after the reconquest in 1486 on the old mosque of the city that dates from the 13th century. At the entrance to the church we find the Mudejar tower that contains remains of the mihrab of the old Nasrid-style mosque. Inside it is marked by a Gothic and Renaissance area with architectural wonders.
- Alameda Park: Located next to Virgen de la Paz street. It is a park and tree-lined promenade on the edge of the Tagus that dates from the 19th century. It is also a botanical garden with trees over 200 years old, the park is divided into 5 avenues that lead to a balcony with views over the pit and the mountains. Inside the park is the Vicente Espinel theater.
- Church of the Holy Spirit
- Puerta de Almocábar: Located in the southern part of Ronda next to Calle Espiritu Santo. It is a defensive wall built in the 13th century that is made up of 2 towers and three entrance doors. The name comes from the Arabic “Al-Maqabir”.
Museums in Ronda
- Ronda Carriage Museum: Located near the New Bridge of Ronda, on Calle Cuesta de Santo Domingo. A collection and exhibition of historical horse carriages with an area of more than 650 square meters. Added to this collection is a large selection of typical Malaga and Andalusian costumes that belonged to national and international celebrities. A unique museum in Spain with the same traditional charm as the city of Ronda.
- Museo Municipal de Ronda
- Museo Lara
- Museo del Bandolero
- Museo Joaquín Peinado
- Museo del vino de Ronda
- Museo de Rilke